From Today In Science History:
In 1925, John T. Scopes was taken under arrest for violating a new state law against the teaching of Darwin's theory of evolution in a Tennessee public school. He was found guilty at what became known as the Scope's Monkey Trial the following month, and fined $100. Although upon appeal the fine was ruled excessive and over-ruled, the state law itself was not found unconstitutional.
NPR has a good article on “Remembering the Scopes Monkey Trial.
Cartoon © Aron Bothman from HERE. Scopes photo from HERE